Nomenclature

Digital Image Processing Nomenclature

In digital image processing we are frequently naming algorithms and techniques based on the name of their inventors, showing respect towards these person. The following list is made to bring these people closer to you by showing their picture and a short description what can be found on the internet about them. This list is not intended to be complete.

Canny, John F.

Technique: Canny edge detection

Canny_John_FJohn Canny received his B.Sc. in Computer Science and Theoretical Physics from the University of Adelaide in South Australia, 1979, a B.E. (Hons) in Electrical Engineering, University of Adelaide, 1980, a M.S. and Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1983 and 1987, respectively. More>>

 

Article: A Computational Approach to Edge Detection, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, VOL. PAMI-8, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 1986, PDF>>

Gabor, Dennis

Technique: Gabor filter

Dennis_Gabor(original Hungarian name: Gábor Dénes; 5 June 1900 – 8 February 1979) was a Hungarian-British electrical engineer and physicist, most notable for inventing holography, for which he later received the 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics.  Frequency and orientation representations of Gabor filters are similar to those of the human visual system, and they have been found to be particularly appropriate for texture representation and discrimination. More>>

 

Article:

Haar, Alfréd

Technique: Haar wavelet, Haar transform

Haar_2(Hungarian: Haar Alfréd; 11 October 1885, Budapest – 16 March 1933, Szeged) was a Hungarian mathematician. In 1904 he began to study at the University of Göttingen. His doctorate was supervised by David Hilbert. The Haar measure, Haar wavelet, and Haar transform are named in his honor. The Haar sequence is now recognised as the first known wavelet basis and extensively used as a teaching example. More>>

Article: On the Theory of Orthogonal Function Systems, PDF>>

Hildreth, Ellen C.

Technique: Marr-Hildreth algorithm

hildretheEllen C. Hildreth is a Professor of computer science at Wellesley College. She earned her Ph.D at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her field is visual perception and computer vision. She is the co-inventor with David Marr of the Marr-Hildreth algorithm. More>>

 

Article: Theory of edge detection, Proc. R. Soc. Lond., vol B 207, pp187–217 PDF>>

Kirsch, Russell A.

Technique: Kirsch operator

Kisch_Russell_ARussell A. Kirsch went to school at the Bronx High School of Science and graduated in 1946. He continued his education at New York University in 1950, Harvard University in 1952, and later the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. By 1957 Kirsch and his team had invented a scanner which, using the computing power of SEAC, converted photographs to digital images. This breakthrough created the basis for satellite imaging, CAT scans, bar codes, and desktop publishing. More>>

Article: Computer determination of the constituent structure of biological images, Computers and Biomedical Research 4: 315–328 PDF>>

Marr, David Courtnay

Technique: Marr-Hildreth algorithm

A British neuroscientist and psychologist. Marr integrated results from psychology, artificial intelligence, and neurophysiology into new models of visual processing. His work was very influential in Computational Neuroscience and led to a resurgence of interest in the discipline. Marr described vision as proceeding from a two-dimensional visual array (on the retina) to a three-dimensional description of the world as output. More>>

Article: Theory of edge detection, Proc. R. Soc. Lond., vol B 207, pp187–217 PDF>>

Otsu, Nobuyuki

Technique: Otsu threshold, Otsu’s algorithm etc.

Otsu_NobuyukiDr. and Prof. Otsu received B.S., Mr. Eng., and Dr. Eng. in Mathematical Engineering from the University of Tokyo in 1969, ’71, ’81, respectively. His key interests are in pattern recognition, image processing, multivariate analysis, neural computing, and real-world intelligence. More >>

 

Article: A Threshold Selection Method from Gray-Level Histograms, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTREMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS, VOL. SMC-9, NO. 1, JANUARY 1979, PDF >>

Prewitt, Judith M. S.

Technique: Prewitt operator

Article: Object Enhancement and Extraction, Picture Processing and Psychopictorics, Academic Press, 1970, BOOK>>

Roberts, Lawrence Gilman

Technique: Roberts cross, Roberts operator etc.

lawrence_gilman_robertsAfter receiving his PhD, Roberts continued to work at the MIT Lincoln Laboratory. Having read the seminal 1961 paper of the “Intergalactic Computer Network” by J. C. R. Licklider, Roberts developed the concept of a computer-to-computer network that could communicate via data packets. In 1966, he became program manager in the ARPA Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO), which funded the development of the ARPANET. More>>

Article: Machine Perception of Three-dimensional Solids, PhD. thesis, MIT, June 1963 PDF>>

Sobel, Irwin Edward

Technique: Sobel operator, Sobel’s gradient etc.

Sobel_IrwinMTS at HPLABS since Dec 1982 Work on interactive collaboration tools. Previously worked on color image processing for digital cameras, scanners, printers (9 years). Previous to that worked on software for interactive factory scheduling and control(8 yrs). Previous to that worked at Columbia U. BioSciences on interactive serial-section reconstruction of of neurons from electron and light micrographs. General interests: Computer Vision, BioMedical Visualization, Astronomical visualization. More >>

Article: Camera Models and Machine Perception, PhD. thesis, Stanford U., Elec- Eng. Dept. May, 1970, avail, as AIM-121